ESKIMO


ESKIMO
   or ESQUIMAUX
   an aboriginal people of the Mongolian or American Indian stock, in all not amounting to 40,000, thinly scattered along the northern seaboard of America and Asia and in many of the Arctic islands; their physique, mode of living, religion, and language are of peculiar ethnological interest; they are divided into tribes, each having its own territory, and these tribes in turn are subdivided into small communities, over each of which a chief presides; the social organisation is a simple tribal communism; Christianity has been introduced amongst the Eskimo of South Alaska and in the greater part of Labrador; in other parts the old religion still obtains, called Shamanism, a kind of fetish worship; much of their folk-lore has been gathered and printed; fishing and seal-hunting are their chief employments; they are of good physique, but deplorably unclean in their habits; their name is supposed to be an Indian derivative signifying "eaters of raw meat."

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eskimo — • A littoral race occupying the entire Arctic coast and outlying islands of America from below Cook Inlet in Alaska to the mouth of the St. Lawrence Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Eskimo     Eskimo …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Eskimo — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Eskimo ou esquimau ou eskimau (plus rare) correspond généralement aux peuples Yupik et Inuit du grand nord canadien, de l Alaska et du Groenland. Au… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eskimo — ist die umgangssprachliche Sammelbezeichnung für die arktischen Völker im nördlichen Polargebiet, deren Siedlungsgebiet sich von der Tschuktschen Halbinsel Nordostsibiriens über die Beringstraße und die arktischen Regionen Alaskas und Kanadas bis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eskimo — 1580s, from Dan. Eskimo or M.Fr. Esquimaux (pl.), both probably from an Algonquian word, such as Abenaki askimo (pl. askimoak), Ojibwa ashkimeq, lit. eaters of raw meat, from Proto Algonquian *ask raw + * imo eat. The Eskimo people s word for… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Eskimo — Es ki*mo, n.; pl. {Eskimos}. [Originally applied by the Algonquins to the Northern Indians, and meaning eaters of raw flesh.] (Ethnol.) One of a peculiar race inhabiting Arctic America and Greenland. In many respects the Eskimos resemble the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Eskimo — ► NOUN (pl. same or Eskimos) 1) a member of a people inhabiting northern Canada, Alaska, Greenland, and eastern Siberia. 2) either of the two main languages of this people (Inuit and Yupik). ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to the Eskimos or their… …   English terms dictionary

  • Eskimo — [es′kə mō΄] n. [earlier Esquimaw(es), prob. via Fr < Sp esquimao(s) (used by 16th c. Basque fishermen in Labrador) < Montagnais ayashkimew, lit., ? snowshoe net makers ] 1. pl. Eskimos or Eskimo a member of a group of indigenous North… …   English World dictionary

  • Eskimo — Eskimo, wollen oder stückfarbiger Winterpaletotstoff mit 30–40 Fäden auf 1 cm. Die Ware wird kräftig gewalkt, gerauht und geschoren. Bindung s. Abbildung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eskimo — has the plural form Eskimos, but Eskimo also is used as a collective in archaeological and anthropological contexts to refer to the people as a whole and their languages. The term Inuit (the plural of inuk meaning ‘person’), however, is the… …   Modern English usage

  • Eskĭmo — Eskĭmo, weitverbreiteter Volksstamm des arktischen Amerika, der fast alle Küsten des Festlandes von der Straße Belle Isle am Atlantischen Ozean bis zur Eisbai des Großen Ozeans am Fuße des Eliasberges sowie die Küsten der benachbarten Inseln und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eskimo — Eskimo, auch Doubel, Double genannt, ein gewöhnlich mit vierbindigem Kreuzköper aus zwei Streichgarnketten gewebtes Doppelgewebe, das meist zu Paletots verarbeitet wird; s. Tuchfabrikation und Weberei. Kraft …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik


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